Our modern world has been made possible by the technological revolutions, which have brought the world to our fingertips. With Information Technology and Electronics for factory automation, the world has become simpler and faster than the earliest days of human development could have imagined. The beginning of humanity has been characterized by agriculture. Humans have been doing agriculture almost since the beginning of time. A discovery like this would change the course of history. Historically, agriculture has been critical to human well-being; however, the current and future challenges of feeding an ever-growing world population are posing serious problems to this sector. To address these challenges the farming business needs to modernize not only in order to offer food on such a large scale, but also to do it economically.
Technological innovation is a way that has been a major driving force in the transformation of industries and agriculture is no exception. Robotics and automation are two technologies that have had a significant impact on agriculture. These two technologies have revolutionized farming and helped the agriculture business create more revenue, as well as being a key factor in improving growth, productivity, and farming methods. Agricultural producers have a tremendous opportunity to develop their crops more efficiently if the resources they have are appropriately channeled. It is projected that India will produce over 100 million tons of food by the year 2050. With the help of technology, this amazing feat can be accomplished with precision and efficiency.
Today’s world is dominated by automation. This is the most effective approach to manage and regulate a farm without relying on human interaction. This technology has been used in a variety of industries, including food processing and textile manufacture. The usage of robots in agriculture has increased in recent years, with several countries employing them for agricultural chores. Robo-weeding, watering, and harvesting are just a few of the repetitive activities carried out by these robots. They can also handle more complicated jobs including irrigation, pest management, and crop rotation. Talking about the term “farm automation” is often used in the context of smart farming, a practice that automates the production of crops or animals.
#1. The Seed and Weeding Process: Seeding and weeding is a long known laborious task. There are robotic weeding and planting machines that can be programmed to target individual farming plots. Seeding can be done much more easily with this approach, reducing farm labor and tedious tasks. A seed planter’s automatic seeding equipment will increase the depth of seed planting and the distance between plants, among other characteristics. Automating the seeding process can reduce the amount of guesswork due to the integration of geo-mapping and sensor data. A good harvest comes from seeds that have been cared for well.
#2. Data Sciences: Farmers in India have to think about agriculture as a business, thereby applying data sciences for precision agriculture. A farmer makes hundreds of decisions between planting and harvesting with each decision impacting yields and profitability. In fact, farmers are effectively in the database business without enough data to make decisions. If farmers are equipped with tech tools or apps which provide them with customized and personalized data, dramatic changes can be seen in yields and profitability.
#3. Using drones: Drones are the future of agriculture. Equipped with technology-based sensors, drones can be used in precision agriculture – monitoring crop health, weed and pest detection, crop scouting, analysis of soil health, irrigation management and livestock management among others. In northern Brazil, drones are being used to develop farm maps with precision including the crops, enabling farmers to analyze these crops during the growth cycle and forecast potential problems, thereby allowing them to maintain a precautionary approach. Crop-spraying as well as crop-dusting drones among others are transforming the face of agricultural practices in China, making it the biggest agricultural producer in the world with constantly improving productivity. In fact, the global agriculture drones market was valued at $435.5 million in 2017.
Agriculture becomes easier to manage with automation, as farmers spend less time in the field and more time on computers crunching numbers and solving problems. Fully automated farms have remained a utopian concept for far too long, but advances in agricultural machinery are creating the opportunity for automation farming to become a widespread trend over the next few years.