Today’s world is dominated by automation. This is the most effective approach to manage and regulate a farm without relying on human interaction. This technology has been used in a variety of industries, including food processing and textile manufacture. The usage of robots in agriculture has increased in recent years, with several countries employing them for agricultural chores. Robo-weeding, watering, and harvesting are just a few of the repetitive activities carried out by these robots. They can also handle more complicated jobs including irrigation, pest management, and crop rotation. Talking about the term “farm automation” is often used in the context of smart farming, a practice that automates the production of crops or animals.
#2. Data Sciences: Farmers in India have to think about agriculture as a business, thereby applying data sciences for precision agriculture. A farmer makes hundreds of decisions between planting and harvesting with each decision impacting yields and profitability. In fact, farmers are effectively in the database business without enough data to make decisions. If farmers are equipped with tech tools or apps which provide them with customized and personalized data, dramatic changes can be seen in yields and profitability.
#3. Using drones: Drones are the future of agriculture. Equipped with technology-based sensors, drones can be used in precision agriculture – monitoring crop health, weed and pest detection, crop scouting, analysis of soil health, irrigation management and livestock management among others. In northern Brazil, drones are being used to develop farm maps with precision including the crops, enabling farmers to analyze these crops during the growth cycle and forecast potential problems, thereby allowing them to maintain a precautionary approach. Crop-spraying as well as crop-dusting drones among others are transforming the face of agricultural practices in China, making it the biggest agricultural producer in the world with constantly improving productivity. In fact, the global agriculture drones market was valued at $435.5 million in 2017.
Several obstacles stand in the way of farm automation. As a result of the high costs of adopting robotics, farmers have the biggest barrier to entry, especially in poor countries. Generally, robotic planters must be designed in a way that can carry large quantities of water and pesticides, which results in additional costs. High repair costs are also a consequence of equipment breakdowns and various technical concerns. For farmers to be able to fully exploit farm automation, new technologies must be combined with their knowledge and experience.
The importance of automation in agriculture
In response to the pandemic, farmers have been caught off guard by this new normal when they are required to adjust quickly. As a result of the Coronavirus pandemic, robotics and automation have become increasingly important in agriculture. In order to ensure food security, agriculture needs to be sustained. In order to enable this expansion and provide food to millions of people, it is most convenient to integrate automation and robotics into farming processes. Agro technology technologies such as harvest automation, autonomous tractors, seeding and weeding, drones, and many others have influenced modern farming worldwide and are meeting the needs of millions of consumers. As a result of automation, there have been fewer labor shortages, more customer preferences, and an increase in crop production.
Agriculture becomes easier to manage with automation, as farmers spend less time in the field and more time on computers crunching numbers and solving problems. Fully automated farms have remained a utopian concept for far too long, but advances in agricultural machinery are creating the opportunity for automation farming to become a widespread trend over the next few years.