How is Data Science revolutionizing the agriculture space?

Agtech uses IoT, AI, and data analytics to help farmers better plan their crops and boost food security. Using agricultural technology, producers may increase output while reducing costs. Farmers, for example, use data to assess crop yields, fertilizer requirements, cost savings, and even to develop agricultural optimization tactics.

The question is not whether or not the technology provides benefits – it does — but rather “how” it accomplishes this. Here are five ways that big data enhances agricultural conditions or operations.

An understanding of agriculture has always been passed down from generation to generation. Today’s challenges, such as climate change and depletion of agriculture, are more complicated and urgent than those faced in the past.

According to UN projections, the world’s population will rise by 2.2 billion people by 2050 to 9.8 billion. This means that in order to feed the ever-increasing population, we must significantly increase our crop production. Rapid urbanization and climate change have destroyed a large portion of farmland, which is a tragedy. From 913 million acres in 2014 to 899 million acres in 2018, the overall amount of agriculture in the United States has decreased.

We have a pressing need to feed the world’s ever-growing population, but there is only so much land to go around. Big data and agricultural technology (or AgTech) can be used to address this issue in this article.
India’s rapid growth necessitates an adaptation to new technology. Because of the unpredictable monsoon, insufficient infrastructure, lack of qualified labor, poor soil, and seed quality, and a lack of agricultural technology, farmers, who make up over 58 percent of the country’s population, are still trying to meet ends.

All of them depend on agriculture for their livelihood, and a majority of them continue to farm in an old-fashioned way.

The World Economic Forum estimates that by 2050, the world’s population will have grown to 10 billion people, resulting in a 60% rise in food consumption. At the current rate of ecological deterioration, there will not be enough arable land to meet this demand, resulting in food insecurity and sustainability concerns.

Maximizing the yield of crops

It is imperative for farmers to implement steps that will help them satisfy the ever-increasing global food supply. In order to produce more food in a smaller area, growers will need to adapt their farming methods.

Agtech seeks to improve yield, quality, and profitability by fusing agriculture with technology. The AgTech industry is expanding right now, and it’s playing an important role in determining the direction of agriculture in the future.

There is a tremendous burden on natural resources due to food production, transportation, processing, and waste. Smart farming technologies such as hydroponics, remote farming, genetic alterations, aerial farming, vertical farming, drone technology, and so on are used to create crops that can grow in any environment, resulting in a higher yield. To address the increased need for green and healthy crops, these next-generation technologies could transform the agricultural experience.

Improve Your Farming Practices With These Innovative Techniques

Food that is fresher, more nutritious, and has a longer shelf life because improved agricultural practices contribute to a healthy ecology. To avoid water and land waste, farmers can utilize climate-controlled greenhouses to increase crop yield and quality throughout the year by using technology in agriculture. Toxic pesticides aren’t necessary, and the residue isn’t left behind when farmers employ these techniques to grow food.

New agricultural procedures have made it possible for farmers to use smart cameras to monitor and respond to pests in real-time without causing damage to their crops. Thermal cameras can be used by farmers to monitor and control crop temperature and water stress.

Smart farms have their own Chief Technology Officer (CTO), R&D team, plant scientists (plant biologists), mechanical engineers (mechanics), and design engineers (designers). Sustainable, safe, and delicious greens can only be developed by bringing together the best minds in the field.

Vertically stacked growth beds that take up less than 1% of the available space in densely populated places are used by smart farms, which conserve space. Conventional farming uses 90 percent more water than smart farming.

There are many advantages to urban farming, including reduced greenhouse gas emissions because most farms are located within city limits. Because vegetables can be grown year-round in greenhouses, farmers can ensure steady prices.

Incorporating AI and data analytics

Water for hydroponic closed systems will be created using improved dehumidification techniques in the future by smart farms. Solar panels will fuel the farm’s energy needs as well. The farm will create no carbon emissions in the future, making it a leading example of environmentally friendly farming.

As a result of the pandemic’s devastation, we should expand our knowledge and awareness, as well as work toward the development of a food system that is more effective and sustainable. Indian food production must be overhauled in order to meet its zero-hunger ambitions. The AgTech sector appears to be ready for the challenge.

The country’s suffering farmers could be saved by a booming AgTech enterprise. Smart tactics could help retailers, exporters, and farmers alike, allowing them to make greater contributions to India’s GDP than ever before. Healthy farming produces healthy products, and healthy living is a byproduct of healthy farming and products.

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